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Emergency Care

Whether the result of an accident or biting on a piece of food that’s too hard, mouth injuries can cause teeth to become cracked, broken, or knocked out/dislodged.

It is important to see a dentist as soon as possible because treating them at the right time could possibly reduce further complications.

Avulsion (Dislodged or knocked off tooth):

If a tooth is avulsed, make sure it is a permanent tooth and not a primary tooth

  • Keep calm and do not panic.
  • Find the tooth and pick it up by the crown (the white part). Avoid touching the root.
  • If the tooth is dirty, wash it gently for 10 seconds under cold running water and do not scrub it with soap.
  • Try to reposition it back into the socket and gently bite on a handkerchief to hold it in position.
  • If this is not possible, place the tooth in a suitable storage medium, e.g. a glass of milk or coconut water or a special storage media for avulsed teeth if available (e.g. Hanks balanced storage medium or saline).
  • The tooth can also be transported in the mouth with saliva.
  • If the patient is very young, he/she could swallow the tooth. Therefore it is advisable to get the patient to spit in a container and place the tooth in it. Avoid storage in water!
  • Seek emergency dental treatment immediately.


Chipped tooth:

               Chipped teeth account for the majority of dental injuries and commonly affect the children and adolescents. Most chipped teeth can be repaired either by reattaching the broken piece of tooth enamel (if the broken fragment is available) or by bonding a tooth-colored filling or crown in place. See your dentist as soon as possible after the injury to treat your chipped tooth and keep it from worsening. But if the pulp is exposed or damaged after a crown fracture, root canal treatment may be needed.

Reattachment of fragment may offer following advantages

1. Better aesthetics, as shade match and translucency will be perfect.

2. Incisal edge will wear at a rate similar to that of the adjacent teeth.

3. Replacement of fractured portion may be less time consuming than needed for completion of a provisional restoration.

4. A positive emotional and social response from the patient for preservation of natural tooth structure.

5. Cost effective


Cracked tooth:

              Cracked teeth show a variety of symptoms, including very sharp shooting pain when chewing, possibly with release of biting pressure, or pain when your tooth is exposed to temperature extremes. If you are experiencing these dental symptoms or suspect a cracked tooth, meet an Endodontist, who specializes in saving cracked teeth.

What can I do to prevent my teeth from cracking?

While cracked teeth are not completely preventable, you can take some steps to make your teeth less susceptible to cracks.

  • Don't chew or bite on hard objects such as ice, unpopped popcorn kernels or pens.
  • Don't clench or grind your teeth. (Meet us if you are grinding)
  • If you clench or grind your teeth while you sleep, talk to your dentist about getting a retainer or other mouthguard to protect your teeth.
  • Wear a mouthguard or protective mask when playing contact sports



           If the dental caries is neglected and left untreated for a long time it may cause an infection and develop an abscess. Sometimes you will see a painful swelling filled with pus. If the pus can't drain out, the area will get more swollen and painful. Most abscesses are painful, so people usually seek treatment right away. If an abscess is not treated, the infection can last for months or even years. It will not go away on its own, so it's important not to ignore the symptoms.

           If the infection is not treated, it can damage the surrounding bone and teeth. A hollow tunnel sometimes forms through the bone and skin to allow pus to drain. Abscesses are always serious because the infection may spread to other parts of the body.